It seems like denning season has only just started. Indeed, most of the pups are only just reaching the two month mark, and are a real treat to watch as they are a little more bold and adventurous and starting to explore the world around them. This makes it all the more difficult to believe that Batanai pack, the second pack to start denning this year, is potentially left with only one pup.
Batanai is one of the biggest packs here in Savé Valley Conservancy (currently 19 adults), and generally bears a sizeable brood. Last year they had 10 pups, six of which are still alive and have become integral members of the pack. This year, however, only five pups were ever recorded by the scouts or sighted on the den cameras and their numbers have dwindled rather rapidly.
On the 29 June 2014 AWCF scout, Cain Kodzevhu, reported finding just the back leg of one pup at the den, and then on the 07 July 2014 one pup is seen to be dragged out of the den already dead. The pack moved dens shortly after this, and that was the last time we saw three little pups playing around the den. When the pack was found a few days later, Cain only saw one pup at the den site.
People are often amazed at the big litter sizes of African wild dogs, but more often than not less than half the pups will survive to adult hood and sexual maturity. Last year we had a total of 68 pups from litters at first emergence, but only 19 of them survived to see this year’s denning season! Let’s hope for a stronger survival rate this year. With fewer than 6 600 wild dogs left in Africa, we need to do all we can to give the species the best fighting chance!